Education is an integral process of upbringing and training a person from an early age. The education index in the world is determined by key indicators of social development. Statistical data annually provide information, which indicates the rating of states that occupy leading positions in the world in terms of the level of education provided. To find out in which countries it is prestigious to receive education, which systems are considered the best, as well as which states are the most literate, it is recommended to consider world rankings.
List of countries by literacy rate
The level of education of the people is determined according to the level of literacy of the country’s population. According to the latest information, the list of countries by literacy looks like this:
- Estonia, Cuba, Germany and Latvia occupy high positions, the index is 99.8%;
- Barbados, Slovenia, Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine and Armenia occupy the next steps in terms of the degree of literacy of the population – the index is 99.7%;
- Kazakhstan and Tajikistan have an index of 99.6%;
- Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Russia are also not lagging behind, they have a decent index – 99.5%;
- Hungary, Kyrgyzstan and Poland statistically have an index of 99.4%;
- Moldova and Tonga are at the bottom of the list of leaders, their index is 99.2%.
Ranking of countries in the world by education level: top 10
The United Nations Development Program is engaged in research aimed at identifying the current level of education. Studies are conducted every year, they provide the following data with indices:
- Australia – 0.939.
- Denmark – 0.923.
- New Zealand – 0.917.
- Norway – 0.916.
- Germany – 0.914
- Ireland – 0.910
- Iceland – 0.906.
- USA – 0.900.
- Netherlands – 0.897.
- UK – 0.896.
Further in the ranking are the countries of Europe, Japan, and the CIS countries. The last places are distributed between Guinea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Mali, Chad, Eritrea, Niger. It is in the regions of Central Africa that a low educational level is observed: this is associated with a low level of social development. The state does not have enough funds to provide decent educational places for children and youth.
Budget expenditures for the development of education in different countries
To calculate the level of spending on education, statisticians use the ratio of private to public spending, expressed as a percentage of GDP. At the moment, the most developed countries are distinguished by the fact that control over education is held by the state itself, which ensures its proper level. Quality education does not depend on the money spent – it is based on a skilled workforce and a proper system.
The largest amount of funds for training is spent by the Republic of East Timor – here they spend about 14% of GDP from budget funds. Next comes the Kingdom of Lesotho in South Africa – the state spends 13% on education: here literacy among women is higher than among men. Cuba is next to Lesotho, spending 12.9% of GDP, which is not surprising, because education in Cuba is free for everyone – immigrants and indigenous people.
The Republic of Burundi in East Africa is in 4 positions – the authorities spend 9.2% of GDP on education: here education is considered compulsory from childhood (7 years). Moldova closes the top five – the state spends 9.1% of the budget. The next positions are occupied by Denmark, Maldives, Djibouti, Namibia and Cyprus with the level of expenses from 8.7 to 7.9%. The last place belongs to the UAE.
Rating of the quality of education in the countries of the world: a selection of the top ten
For a long time, it is believed that obtaining a diploma at a European educational institution opens the gates to many areas of life. Today the situation has changed little, but there are competitors in European countries in terms of the quality of the training provided. The rating looks like this:
- In first place are Japan and South Korea: students attend school 7 days a week.
- Next on the list is Singapore – an economically developing country that is famous for the strong development of preschool institutions.
- In third place is Hong Kong, where primary, secondary and higher education is not inferior to the world leaders in this field.
- Finland is on the fourth line.
- The fifth position is occupied by Great Britain with world-class universities.
- Canada ranks sixth with a high level of knowledge among college graduates.
- The Netherlands settled on the seventh position due to the fact that the volume of investment in the sector is insufficient.
- Ireland is in eighth place: pupils and preschoolers can study for free.
- Poland is on the ninth line.
- Denmark closes the top ten in terms of the quality of education in the world.
Best education systems in the world: list of countries
The quality of education in the country is determined not only by the amount of funds from the budget, but also by the efficiency of the education system. To understand the situation, the top 10 countries were prepared, where the best training systems are:
- United Kingdom.
If we compare the previously proposed rankings, then Finland, Great Britain, the Netherlands and Singapore not only have good and effective educational systems, but also a high level of quality of education. Australia, Denmark, the United States and the Netherlands also ranked among the top countries for educational attainment in the world.
The most prestigious universities in the world
You can get a successful and promising specialty in the most prestigious universities in the world. Students of these institutions receive international diplomas. Top 10 most demanded institutions:
- Harvard University, Cambridge (USA).
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge (USA).
- Stanford University in California (USA).
- University of California at Berkeley (USA).
- University of Cambridge (UK).
- University of Oxford (UK).
- University of California at Los Angeles (USA).
- Yale University, New Haven (USA).
- Princeton University (USA).
- University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (USA).
Education level for international students: ranking of the best countries
The issue of the quality of the education provided for foreign students remains relevant. Most school graduates from different parts of the world strive to enroll in prestigious institutions, but not everyone succeeds.
In order not to wait for graduation from school in their own country, many adolescents complete secondary education in another state – this is done to get used to the new environment, as well as to increase the chances of going to college abroad. The best secondary school education for foreigners is presented in the following states:
- Finland – equality reigns among students, and schoolchildren are considered the most well-read teenagers;
- Switzerland – secondary education is focused on preparing for entering a university, classes in English are widespread for foreigners, because there are few people working with translation;
- Singapore – study is intense, each student achieves success on his own;
- Netherlands – schools focus on personal development;
- Estonia – The government annually allocates funds for the modernization of the industry.
Belgium, New Zealand, Ireland, Canada, and Qatar complement the ranking of secondary school education for newcomers. The best schools in the world are traditionally located in the UK.
Higher education (bachelor’s degree)
According to experts, foreigners can get the best education abroad in the following countries:
- Great Britain – every fourth student who goes to study abroad comes here. A high level of English is required for admission.
- Netherlands – a student can win a grant and cover part of the tuition costs.
- Germany – Most of the programs at universities in German will be free of charge.
- Czech Republic is distinguished by a variety of educational programs.
- Canada – a peculiarity is a high percentage of applicants compared to the United States.
Australia, New Zealand are also happy to see foreigners in their institutions. Studying abroad is considered an invaluable experience that gives a ticket to many areas and areas of life.
It will take 1-2 years to get a master’s degree in English speaking countries. Moreover, the choice of a graduate depends on his education. The educational process can take place in the field of business and management, natural sciences, management and the humanities. The organization of a master’s degree in many states implies free training. These countries include the states of Europe – Germany, Spain, Italy, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden. American leaders are also not far behind – you can get a master’s degree in Canada and the United States.
It implies the training of scientific personnel at the university. After receiving a complete higher education, a foreign student can enter further education – here he will have to independently work on a given research and write a corresponding work.
Popular areas of study for foreign students
The most popular specialties among foreign students in the world are:
- medical directions – cardiac surgery, biomedicine;
- information technology – the field of computer science, programmers, computer testers, system architects;
- engineering – technical directions in the field of construction, programming, knowledge;
- economic specialties – marketing, the basics of doing business: students strive to study these professions in order to organize a worthy career, work in the field of banks, open their own business;
- jurisprudence – law faculties are also in demand in the world;
- art – many foreign school graduates come to study at the faculties of ballet, art drawing, theater specialties.
Students from Africa often study at medical faculties – a large number of them are noted in Russian universities, despite the fact that education is considered expensive. Russian students go abroad to study as a lawyer, teacher, doctor.
The cost of higher education in different countries
The ranking of countries in terms of education indicates that Australia is the best country, while the fee for one year of study there will cost 16 thousand dollars. A visual table will help you find out where studies are considered elite, and where you can get a higher education without any problems:
|Country||Tuition fee per year, thousand dollars|
The best conditions for admission, study and accommodation of students
According to recent research, the most educated country in the world is Canada. There are excellent conditions for living, studying and admission of school graduates. International students are provided with a small financial aid, an academic achievement award. According to the reviews of people who studied in Canada, it is also allowed to earn extra money here. Students live in Canadian families – this helps to better adapt to new conditions.
Also, Austria, Germany, Norway and the Czech Republic are in the top countries in terms of conditions for students. In these states, the Department of Education provides free education in many areas.
What is the most prestigious education
According to history, education at universities in England has always been considered the most prestigious. Traditions have not changed, but it is still problematic to enter these universities – there is a high competition for places. The official websites of the institutes always provide a list of documents for filing an application, but if you want to get a prestigious education, then you should pay attention to the following countries:
- England. It is not so easy to enter Oxford or Cambridge, but when studying there, a lot of opportunities open up for a child.
- USA. Harvard and Stanford are admitting to undergraduate or graduate programs, but competition for a place is highly competitive.
- Singapore. The National University of the country ranked in the world’s education ranking has the strongest research center and strong coursework in architecture, engineering, chemistry and psychology.
- The Swiss Higher Technical School of Zurich is one of the most advanced institutions in the world. There is a high chance of admission, the training is relatively inexpensive.
- The University in Toronto (Canada) consists of 10% of visiting students who try their hand at anthropology, biology, mathematics, astronomy.
Each institution has teachers who have passed certification, such as the Higher Attestation Commission in Russia, and received a scientific or doctoral degree.