What is hosting?

Hosting is a service that allows organizations and individuals to post their own content on the Internet. When it comes to hosting, we mean just internet hosting, and even more often  – web hosting. The concept of Internet hosting comes from the English word hosting (host-host). There are many different options, levels, and types of this service, as well as the provision of its services.

In other words, if you have any materials that you want to place on the Internet, freely manage them as you wish and give access to them to other people, you need to use a hosting service of one type or another.

Most often, hosting is provided as a service by a hosting provider. In this case, we are talking about the fact that the provider places your files on their servers and gives one or another type of access to them from the Internet. The most common type of access is a web page with your content and desired functionality. It can also be file storage, mail service, DNS service, etc.

The main types of hosting

Hosting can be fully functional or limited in functionality. The latter includes the following main types:

  • File hosting is a file storage service, in which the provider allocates space for you to store information in the form of files, ensures their security, remote access, etc.
  • Mail hosting is a service that ensures the operation of a private mail system that is devoid of advertising banners, has a certain protection against spam mailings, has one or more domain names of its own and works using the most common mail transfer protocols (SMTP, IMAP, Pop3)
  • DNS hosting is a hosting service that provides a storage system for domain name records
  • Wiki hosting – hosting that provides servers with tools to create and manage your own independent wiki pages
  • Game hosting – providing various types of servers for organizing multiplayer network games.

Full-featured hosting types include web hosting – a service that allows individuals and organizations to create and host their own websites on the Internet.

Types of web hosting

Hosting types

There are several types of hosting. To understand why they are needed, let’s draw an analogy with people. Imagine a young man who has moved to another city and is ready to live in a rented one-room apartment. He does not have his own furniture, children and other worries. He is just starting his career, and this kind of housing is a great option. And now we will present it in 10 years. With a family of 5 with a dog and a cat. Now he needs a spacious house without neighbors, where there is a lot of space, he can make his own repairs and not depend on anyone. The same thing happens with websites. Hosting with modest characteristics is suitable for a small landing page, while for a large online store you will need something more serious. Let’s figure out what types of hosting exist.

Shared hosting

Shared hosting (shared hosting) – the simplest type, in which a lot of sites are on the same web server and use the same software. It can be paid and free. In the second case, instead of paying, providers impose strict restrictions on the use of resources, place advertisements or do not provide technical support. The price for paid hosting consists of:

  • provided traffic;
  • the amount of disk space;
  • the number of sites, domains, databases;
  • the number of mailboxes and FTP accounts;
  • availability of technical support, company visibility and other quality indicators.

The advantages of this type include low price, ease of use. The disadvantages are limited functionality and “neighbors” in the form of other sites.

Virtual dedicated servers VDS / VPS

VDS / VPS (virtual dedicated / private server) is a service for leasing a virtual dedicated server. This is a separate virtual machine with its own resources, on which the operating system is deployed, where you can install any software. In essence, VPS / VDS is an emulation of a separate server (computer). Clients are provided with their own IP addresses, ports, filtering rules and routing tables. VPS is chosen when the project has outgrown the usual shared hosting and its capacity is not enough, if the installation of separate software is required or if mailing lists are being conducted.

What is the difference between shared hosting and VPS / VDS

The main difference between VPS and shared hosting is that VDS clients are provided with root access (full rights to the server). With these rights, you can install additional software, create and add new users, and flexibly manage the server.

Shared hosting

VPS / VDS

3 GB SSD

10 GB SSD

Can host 1 site, 1 database

Unlimited sites, domains and databases

Peak load per processor core – 5%

Unlimited traffic

Comparative table of the minimum tariff plans of our hosting and GVA / UPU.

Dedicated server

Dedicated Server (Dedicated Server) is the most complex and expensive type, in which the entire client is provided with a separate physical machine. Administration, configuration and management are transferred to the shoulders of webmasters. This option is suitable for owners of several large projects, complex sites and high traffic, for creating and scaling applications or a game server, as well as storing large databases.

Why do you need hosting for a website

Thus, hosting is needed in order to store the site on a constantly available web server. Choose a hosting depending on your needs. For small beginner sites, the usual shared hosting plan is suitable. If you are the owner of several projects with high traffic, use VDS or a dedicated server. Make sure that the selected tariff plan is right for you: it has enough disk space and traffic, technical support is provided around the clock, and there are no hidden fees. Research the market, reviews and find the best option for yourself.

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