A small, invisible peeling of the epidermis of the head is the norm. These scales are proof of the normal course of the process of renewal of cells of the epidermis. It is possible to diagnose and remove dandruff only when the dead scales are no longer transparent, but white, and become visible to the naked eye – not only on the head, but also on clothes. Most people mistakenly think dry scalp and dandruff are superficial cosmetic problems. However, these changes are a symptom of the internal problems of the body, which must be solved in stages and in a comprehensive manner.
WHAT IS DANDRUFF?
At its core, dandruff is a condition of the scalp, in which dead particles of the epidermis exfoliate in excess. As a rule, this is preceded by a disruption of the sebaceous glands located near the hair follicles, which, due to a malfunction, stop producing a sufficient amount of sebum. In professional language, the disease is called seborrhea, which can appear in the life of any person, regardless of hair type, age, gender and other signs.
Seborrhea most often manifests itself in two forms: oily and dry, less often a mixed form is found. Let’s take a closer look at each of the types of dandruff.
The most common form of dandruff. It appears as a result of the accelerated reproduction of the fungus of the genus Malassezia, which is normally present on the scalp of every person. The cells of the epidermis begin to intensively renew themselves, the dead skin particles stick together due to an excess of sebum and appear in the form of dandruff flakes at the base of the hairline. Oily seborrhea is expressed in the form of loose, large yellowish flakes, accompanied by itching and increased production of sebum, due to which the strands quickly get dirty and look sticky.
This form of dandruff manifestation occurs due to the reduced function of the sebaceous glands, as a result of which the epidermis of the head becomes dry and sensitive. Dry seborrhea appears in the form of small dusty scales over the entire surface of the scalp, often accompanied by itching, burning and irritation. Thinning, brittleness, loss of the natural shine of the hairline is also observed. The main factors for the occurrence of dry seborrhea include a genetic predisposition, hormonal or age-related changes in the body, some diseases of the immune, endocrine, nervous and digestive systems, unbalanced nutrition and improper care. Frequent staining, daily thermal exposure of styling devices, non-compliance with the drinking regime also provoke dryness and dandruff.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE DRY SCALP AND DANDRUFF?
In the course of numerous studies, the Vichy laboratory has revealed that the main cause of the development of the disease is not only the growth of the Malassezia bacterium. The fact is that by its activity it disrupts the natural balance of the skin microbiome, that is, it completely changes the entire normal microflora, and the microorganisms characteristic of us give way to others – pathogenic. Add to this the negative impact of the external environment, poor ecology, constant lack of sleep and stress, and you get the ideal conditions for life Malassezia.
Also, we must not forget that the diet plays an important role in what is happening. For skin and hair to become noticeably healthier, your diet must necessarily include foods rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, in other words, healthy fats. These are vegetable oils, grains and fatty fish. Do not forget about enriching the body with animal and plant proteins. For those abstaining from animal products, there are equally valuable soybeans, beans, chickpeas, tofu, corn, various nuts and seeds. After a mandatory consultation with a doctor, select the optimal course of vitamins and minerals.
CHOOSING AN ANTI-DANDRUFF SHAMPOO
After all the internal work has been done, it will be necessary to pay attention to the immediate problem on the head: you will need a special product that will restore the microbiome and bacterial balance of your scalp. For this, Vichy specialists have developed Dercos Technique, a unique intensive anti-dandruff shampoo for sensitive scalp. The product’s mild, soothing formula includes bisabolol and octopyrox (antifungal agent). The product is sulfate-free (which is especially important in the treatment of dry seborrhea) and helps to effectively cope with dandruff and soothes the sensitive dermis. Clinical trials of the product have proven that its regular use stops the development of Malassezia bacteria and restores the normal microbial balance of the epidermis,
The uniqueness of the shampoo formula lies in the content of an effective ingredient – Selena DS, which has established itself as one of the most effective ingredients against dandruff. It also reduces growth and inhibits the growth of the Malassezia fungus and normalizes the natural flora of the epidermis. In addition to Selenium Disulfide, the specialists have added: ceramide R to increase the barrier properties of hair and salicylic acid to gently but effectively exfoliate dead particles. To achieve the best result, they did not forget about the natural antioxidant – vitamin E, which has anti-inflammatory properties and is aimed at combating the action of free radicals.
The DERCOS ANTI-DANDRUFF line of anti-dandruff products contains products for different skin types: dry and oily. The products of the range are recommended to be used in a full course: 2-3 times a week for 4 weeks. The anti-relapse effect will last for 6 weeks, but as a preventive measure, it will be sufficient to continue using the shampoo once a week, combined with any other mild product. If you follow all the rules, you will notice the result very soon!