Dry and damaged hair is often harsh to the touch, prone to clipping at the ends, and breaks easily in length.
Many external and internal factors are reflected in the condition of hair: the heat effects of styling tools, stress, and inadequate home care products – all these factors can contribute to the loss of natural shine, hair breakage, and split ends. Damaged hair is difficult to style and loses its attractiveness.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DRY HAIR?
The hair shaft, called the cortex, is protected by several layers of tiny scales – a cuticle made up of lipids and keratin cells overlapping. When the cuticle of dry hair is severely damaged, the cortex becomes vulnerable, as a result of which the hair loses lipids and keratin, becomes thinner and becomes brittle.
WHY DOES HAIR GET DRY?
Hair often becomes dry due to insufficient or inadequate care. In other cases, dryness appears due to repeated staining, constant straightening with a curling iron, iron or too intense heat exposure during styling. Active UV rays can also make hair dry and brittle.
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HOW TO CARE FOR DRY HAIR: REPAIRING DAMAGED HAIR
Taking proper care of dry hair will help restore hair structure and protect against further damage:
- Choose the right products. Use products with formulas enriched with ceramides – they penetrate into the hair cuticle, filling in damage and restoring the integrity of the hair shaft. After shampooing, do not forget about a nourishing mask or a moisturizing firming balm. Rinse the strands with cool water – it smoothes the cuticle, preventing moisture from evaporating from the cortex, while hot, on the contrary, leaves the scales open.
- Protect the entire length of the strands. Use hair oils before washing: spread a few drops of vegetable oil (olive, coconut, almond) over the entire length, then comb the strands and leave for half an hour. This procedure will create a protective barrier on the surface of the hair, nourish it with essential fatty acids and add shine.
- Avoid overheating. The more heat you apply to your hair, the more brittle it becomes. After washing, try to dry your hair naturally, limiting the use of hair dryers, straighteners and curling irons.
- Protect your hair from UV radiation. The sun’s rays disrupt the lipid mantle that protects the hair cuticle by breaking down lipid, ceramide bonds and making hair more fragile. If you plan to stay in direct sunlight, use special products containing natural UV filters to protect your hair, and in addition, you can protect your hair with a hat or other headgear.
HAIRCUT AS A NATURAL SOLUTION TO DRY AND DAMAGED HAIR
The correct cutting technique will help to improve the condition of dry hair: ask your stylist to stop using a razor and a “dry” haircut when working with your curls. Prefer short or medium length cuts and refresh the cut periodically to avoid excessive dryness and split ends.