Hair loss (alopecia) is one of the ten most common reasons for visiting dermatologists. Alopecia occurs in 50% of men of mature age, but it often occurs in women as well.
IS HAIR LOSS NORMAL?
Excessive hair loss is clinically defined as the loss of more than 100 hairs daily. On average, there are up to 150,000 hairs on a person’s head and the loss of up to 100 hairs per day is almost invisible, but if their number increases and more hair falls out over a long period, this can affect the appearance of the hairstyle. Therefore, it is so important to start the fight against loss on time.
HOW DOES AGE AFFECT THE DEVELOPMENT OF ALOPECIA?
The role of scalp aging in hair loss has been extensively studied by the Dercos Research Center. Scientists have found that hair follicles shrink with age and produce thinner hair fibers. Comparing the condition of the scalp in a group of older women with a younger category, it was found that in the former the follicles are less active – this confirms the theory of thinning and weakening of hair as the body grows older.
HAIR LOSS IN MEN AND WOMEN
There is a notable difference between male and female age-related alopecia:
- In women, hair thinning is observed over the entire surface of the head – the so-called “diffuse alopecia”.
- Men have common “androgenic alopecia” – male pattern baldness.
International studies have shown that alopecia is one of the leading causes of hair dissatisfaction among men in France, USA and India. Most often, hair loss is genetic in nature and is inherited. According to dermatologists, the presence of problems with baldness among close family members most likely indicates a high risk of developing alopecia in the male line.
THE ROLE OF COLLAGEN IN HAIR LOSS
The hair growth cycle is controlled by the dermal papillae (the mini organ responsible for hair growth), the deeper part of the hair follicle. The body consists of several parts:
- dermal cells;
- collagen fibers
- surrounded by a network of blood vessels.
Scientific studies have shown that the main difference between a healthy follicle and a follicle in the stage of alopecia is the state of collagen that surrounds the hair root. When it hardens, the attachment of the hair in the follicle weakens and the strands become most susceptible to loss.
EFFECT OF SEASONAL CHANGES ON HAIR LOSS
One of the possible explanations for hair loss is the change of seasons. Research shows that the fallout trend is increasing in summer and autumn. In addition, a statistical analysis of Internet searches showed that it was during these seasons that the results of queries on the topic of “hair loss” were most active. One of the possible explanations is the negative effect of ultraviolet rays on the condition of the scalp and the rate of transition of hair from the growth phase to the resting phase (preceding hair loss).
HOW DOES STRESS AFFECT HAIR CONDITION?
Severe emotional distress often affects the body and causes sudden hair loss three to five months after a stressful event. This is because the stress hormone cortisol disrupts the hair’s natural life cycle, triggering a resting phase prematurely.
ROLE OF NUTRITION IN HAIR LOSS: IRON AND VITAMINS
A balanced diet is key to healthy hair growth. That is why people with eating disorders are most often faced with the problem of thinning and thinning strands. Deficiency of iron and vitamins in the diet, especially B vitamins, is another factor in hair loss. A diet rich in protein, iron, vitamins, flavonoids and antioxidants will help nourish hair follicles and prevent hair loss.
HOW DOES ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AFFECT THE CONDITION OF THE SCALP AND HAIR?
Experts confirm the link between environmental pollution and hair loss:
- chemical impurities in the air;
- gas pollution;
- negative influence of ultraviolet radiation.
All this causes devastating changes to the scalp and can speed up the process of hair loss. The main reason for this is oxidative stress. Free radicals accumulate in skin cells and suppress their natural defense mechanisms responsible for the renewal of hair follicles, as a result of which they slow down or completely fall asleep.
HAIR LOSS IN WOMEN AFTER CHILDBIRTH IS THE NORM
Hair loss caused by hormonal changes in the body after childbirth can be particularly intense: sometimes hair falls out in tufts. In fact, profuse thinning in the process of hormonal changes is a natural reaction of the body to the increase in female hormones, which suspend the hair’s life cycle. Simply put, hair falls out that should have fallen out during pregnancy, but remained on the head. In their place, a young down immediately appears, which over time will get stronger and become longer.
GENERAL ADVICE FOR SHEDDING TENDENCIES
Noticing that the hair is weakened, thinned and there is a tendency to fall out, apply measures to limit aggressive external influences:
- If possible, dry your strands naturally to avoid overheating your scalp with a hairdryer or other styling tools.
- Choose your hair care products carefully: use shampoos and conditioners with mild formulas, give preference to hypoallergenic formulations.
- Comb your hair with soft-bristled combs.
COMPREHENSIVE AND EFFECTIVE FIGHT AGAINST HAIR LOSS
Hair loss formulas can help solve the problem by targeting the follicle and improving the condition of the scalp. The scalp, albeit to a lesser extent, is vulnerable to adverse external environmental factors. Active formulas with antioxidants will help counteract the negative influence of these factors. One of the most effective components against hair loss is the Aminexil molecule – it prevents collagen from thickening around the hair root and strengthens the hair in the follicle, preventing it from falling out. Dercos anti-hair loss formula is supplemented with antioxidants (vitamin E or ginger extract), scalp-soothing ingredients (eperulin), and ingredients that stimulate blood microcirculation in tissues and accelerate hair growth (arginine).
SCALP MASSAGE IS ONE WAY TO PREVENT HAIR LOSS
Along with using special products for the scalp, do not neglect the regular self-massage of the scalp, which is easy to do at home. Massage the scalp with each wash to improve blood flow – this not only stimulates new hair growth but also improves the penetration of the active ingredients of anti-hair loss products into the skin.